Journals do not automatically provide free language support prior to or during review. If you are in need of help with English, we do offer an optional paid service called SAGE Language Services, which provides additional help with editing, translating, and formatting your manuscript before submission. You may find this service helpful if English is not your native language. You are not required to use this service nor does use of it guarantee acceptance.

All accepted manuscripts will undergo light copyediting by our Production team for minor errors and to ensure that they follow journal style – queries will be flagged in the article proof.